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(: . . . ) - ?????? ?????? ??? (Habeas Corpus Act), ? ?????????????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????????????? ?????; ?????? ? 1679. ??????????? ?????????????? ????? ???????, ?????????????????? ????????, ????????????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ? ????. * * * ?????? ?????? ??? (Habeas Corpus Act), ?????, ???????? 26 ??? 1679 ?????????? ???????????. ?????? ???????? ??? - "??? ? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ? ? ?????????????? ????????? ?? ??????" (?. ?. ??? ???????? ??????). ???????? ????? ??????, ????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ????, ?????????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????-???? ??????? ??????????, ????????? ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??? ????????? ???????????????; ?????????? ??????????? ? ?????? ????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????? ??????.?????? ?????? - ??? ?????????????? ????????, ?? ????????? ??????, ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????????, ??????? ??????????? ?????, ??????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????. ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ??????, ??????????? ???????? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ???? ???????? (????. ????, corpus) ???????????. ? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? 39 ?????????? ??????????? ?????????????????? ?????? ???????. ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ? 15 ?. ??????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ? ?????????????? ???????, ?????????? ???????? ??????, ? ???????? ????????? ? ?? ????????????, ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? VII ??? ????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????. ?????? ?? ???? 1679 ?????? ????????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ?????, ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????????????. ???? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ????????????; ????? ????, ???????????? ??????????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????????????. ??? ??????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????? ? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????. ?????? ???????????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ??. ???????? ? 1627 ? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????? 29 ????? 1628, ? ??????? ??????????: "1. ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ????????? ??? ???????? ? ?????? ??? ????? ???-?????? ????????? ? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????.., ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?????-?????? ???????? ??????? ??????, ?????????? ??? ??????????? ? ???????. 2. ? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ??????; ?? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ????, ??????? ???????????? ??????, ??????????... ?? ??????? ??????, ??????? ?????? ??? ????-???? ???????. 3. ???? ????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ? ???????? ? ??????" ??? ???????? ???????? ???????, ? "???? ??? ????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ?????? ??????, ????????? ?????? ????, ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ???????????, ??? ???????? ??? ?????". ??? ????????? ????? ? ??????? ? ????? 1628 ? ? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????.? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ? ?????? ????? ? 1668, ?? ?? ???? ???????. ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????? ? 1670 ? 1675. ???????, ? 1679 ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ???, ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ?????????. ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????, ?? ??????????? ???, ????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???? ? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????????????. ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ? ??????? 8-20 ???? (? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??????????) ????????? ????????????? ? ???. ? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??? ????? (??? ?? ????? ??????????????? ??????????); ??? ?? ???????????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????.????????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????????????? ???????? ???? ? ???????????? ???????, ?? ???? ? ???????? ????? ????? ?????????? ? ?? ?????, ??? ?? ???? ???. ??? ???? ?????????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????, ? ?????? ? ????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ? 1818.?????????? ? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????? ? 1689 ("????? ? ??????"), 1766 ? 1816.??????????:????? ?. ?. ?????? ???????????????? ????? ??????: ???. ? ????./ ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????. ???., 1891.??????????? ?. ?. Habeas Corpus Act ? ??? ???????????? ?? ??????????? ?????. ?????, 1895.???????????????? ?????????? ????????? 1640-1660 ??. / ????. ??????????? ?. ?. ?.; ?., 1946.Hurd R. A Treatise on the Right of personal liberty and on the writ of Habeas Corpus and the Practice connected with it. Olbany, 1876.Paterson J. Commentaries on the liberty of the subject and the laws of England relating to the security of the person. London, 1877.Church W. S. A Treatise of the writ of Habeas Corpus, including Jurisdiction, false imprisonment, writ of error, extradition etc. St. Francisco, 1886.Sharpe R. J. The law of Habeas Corpus. Oxford, 1976.?. ?. ???????.



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